Apollo 13 was intended to land on the Moon, but an oxygen tank explosion resulted in the mission being aborted after trans-lunar injection. [36] Smyrnaeus describes them as the four handmaidens of Hera, but in most accounts their number is three, and their parents are Zeus and Themis. In another version of the story, it was Zeus who wakened Endymion and asked him what kind of life he would like to live. She is usually portrayed either driving a chariot or riding sidesaddle on horseback[54] (sometimes riding an ox, a mule or a ram). From now on, Selene would visit her beloved every night when he was asleep. Fascinated by his beauty, Selene asked Zeus, the leader of the Greek gods, to give Endymion eternal life and to make him sleep forever. The light-colored area of blown lunar surface dust created by the lunar module engine blast at the Apollo 15 landing site was photographed and confirmed by comparative analysis of photographs in May 2008. Selene the moon goddess was a minor figure in ancient Greek mythology. [63] As frequently depicted on Roman sarcophagi, Selene, holding a billowing veil forming a crescent over her head, descends from her chariot to join her lover, who slumbers at her feet. As with SELENE, the Terrain Mapping Camera of India's Chandrayaan-1 probe did not have enough resolution to record Apollo hardware. They correspond well to photographs taken from the Apollo 15 Command/Service Module showing a change in surface reflectivity due to the plume. Selene gave birth to 50 daughters as a result of her visits to Endymion. Selene is a Titan goddess. Selene is available with either a solid or a perforated cover. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The couple was given protection by Apollo's sister Artemis , the moon goddess, and they moved to Ephesus to … She drives her moon chariot across the heavens. [53] In later art, like other celestial divinities such as Helios, Eos, and Nyx ("night"), Selene rides across the heavens. Paul Maley reports several sightings of the Apollo 12 Command Module. [5], Corralitos Observatory photographed Apollo 14. Obbink, Dirk, "56. One last burn of the lunar lander engines was needed before the crippled spacecraft's re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere. 196–197; Hammond, "SELENE" pp. It would have been relatively easy for NASA to avoid using the Parkes Observatory to receive the Apollo 11 EVA television signals by scheduling the EVA at an earlier time when the Goldstone station could provide complete coverage. The European Space Research Organisation's TD-1A satellite later scanned the sky for stars that are bright in ultraviolet light. [32] The oldest Moon rocks are up to 4.5 billion years old,[31] making them 200 million years older than the oldest Earth rocks, which are from the Hadean eon and dated 3.8 to 4.3 billion years ago. [60] Often a crescent moon rests on her brow, or the cusps of a crescent moon protrude, horn-like, from her head, or from behind her head or shoulders. "On Representations of Helios and of Selene." [11], The usual account of Selene's origin is given by Hesiod. [25], Cicero seems to make Selene responsible for Endymion's sleep, so that "she might kiss him while sleeping". Third-party evidence for Apollo Moon landings is evidence, or analysis of evidence, about Moon landings that does not come from either NASA or the U.S. government (the first party), or the Apollo Moon landing hoax theorists (the second party). [58] Selene also appears on horseback as part of the Gigantomachy frieze of the Pergamon Altar. Use the options below to construct and refine your required luminaire code and desired specification. In Greek mythology, Selene (/sɪˈliːniː/; Ancient Greek: Σελήνη [selɛ̌ːnɛː] "Moon") is the goddess of the Moon. [38], Selene was also said to be the mother of the legendary Greek poet Musaeus.[39]. "[13] Here Euryphaëssa ("wide-shining") is probably an epithet of Theia. Titan gods and goddesses were actually the divine beings that preceded the Olympian gods and goddesses. Return from Selene the Moon Goddess to the List of Greek Gods & Goddesses. They were able to send the needed data to Ames, and the Apollo crew was able to make the needed correction and to return safely to Earth on this date in 1970. Massive Eruption Of Iceland’s Laki Volcano Triggered An Unusually Cold Winter In 1783-84, 10 Spooky Ancient Places That Are Home To The Feared Living Dead, Cupbearer – Prestigious And Dangerous Profession In Many Ancient Cultures Throughout History, Magnificent Pre-Dynastic City Of Sais And Its Lost Neglected Ruins. Because the Greek endyein meant "to dive," the name Endymion ("Diver") at first simply described the process of the setting sun "diving" into the sea. [51], In antiquity, artistic representations of Selene included sculptural reliefs, vase paintings, coins, and gems. Chang'e 2 Selene, the goddess of the moon, was the youngest of the three siblings. Selene loved Helios, as herself. The dark line shows that a large number come back at a specific time, and hence were reflected by something quite small (well under a metre in size). Like Apollo 8, Apollo 10 orbited the Moon but did not land. All the observatories that could have done this were clouded over, except Oakland's Chabot Observatory, where members of the Eastbay Astronomical Society had been tracking the Moon flights. Specifically, "Selene the moon goddess" is actually "Selene the moonlight goddess". This horse was one of a team of horses that nightly pulled Selene's chariot across the sky. Images of the spacecraft going to the Moon were broadcast live. [45], In 2002, astronomers tested the optics of the Very Large Telescope by imaging the Apollo landing sites. [49] Aeschylus calls Selene "the eye of night". Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! [33] A rock brought back by Apollo 17 was dated to be 4.417 billion years old, with a margin of error of plus or minus 6 million years. The Selene has been used to great effect on the following highlighted projects. [9][10] According to the group, in December 1972 a member "picks up Apollo 17 on its way to the Moon".[11]. Sculptured head of a horse of Selene, a Greek moon goddess; in the British Museum. Zeus exploded with anger and immediately banished Selene to the Universe. François Chauveau, 17th century via wikipedia. The terrain is a close match within the SELENE camera resolution of 10 metres. Items marked * are required on all variations. Unit D9 Cross Green Approach [17], Selene is best known for her affair with the beautiful mortal Endymion. Long-exposure photos were taken with the Far Ultraviolet Camera/Spectrograph by Apollo 16 on April 21, 1972, from the surface of the Moon. In classical times, Selene was often identified with Artemis, much as her brother, Helios, was identified with Apollo. Selene, (Greek: “Moon”) Latin Luna, in Greek and Roman religion, the personification of the moon as a goddess. This evidence serves as independent confirmation of NASA's account of the Moon landings. [55], Further imaging in 2012 shows the shadows cast by the flags planted by the astronauts on all Apollo landing sites. Described by Pausanias, it contained statues of Pasiphaë and Helios. The Selene brings low energy LED lighting technology to the workplace and is designed to provide the most energy efficient solution with high performance and excellent luminance. According to Hesiod’s Theogony, her parents were the Titans Hyperion and Theia; her brother was Helios, the sun god (sometimes called her father); her sister was Eos (Dawn). NASA also contracted the Parkes Observatory in New South Wales, Australia, to supplement the three deep space sites, most famously during the Apollo 11 EVA as documented by radio astronomer John Sarkissian[58] and portrayed (humorously and not quite accurately) in the movie The Dish. [41], The earliest known depiction of Selene driving a chariot is inside an early 5th century BC red-figure cup attributed to the Brygos Painter, showing Selene plunging her chariot, drawn by two winged horses, into the sea. The videotapes are held in storage at the observatory. Chabot Observatory calendar records an application of optical tracking during the final phases of Apollo 13, on April 17, 1970: Rachel, Chabot Observatory's 20-inch refracting telescope, helps bring Apollo 13 and its crew home. Selene was a worshiper of Apollo (Greek mythology), the sun god, originally, until he cursed her true love, Ambrogio, who eventually became the first vampire. In 2008, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) SELENE lunar probe obtained several photographs showing evidence of Moon landings. [2][3], China's second lunar probe, Chang'e 2, which was launched in 2010 is capable of capturing lunar surface images with a resolution of up to 1.3 metres. The exception is that of Apollo 11, which matches Buzz Aldrin's account of the flag being blown over by the lander's rocket exhaust on leaving the Moon. Morford, p. 61; West 2003, note 61 p. 215. Nevertheless, as with SELENE, Chandrayaan-1 independently recorded evidence of lighter, disturbed soil around the Apollo 15 site. Their selenographic coordinates and the transmitter power outputs (20 W) were in agreement with the NASA reports. Although they were two opposites, the siblings wanted to spend each moment together. Apollo 15 landed on the Moon in 1971 in a region called Mare Imbrium, and SELENE’s Terrain Camera (TC) is continuing to reconstruct a 3D view of the region in unprecedented high-resolution. solution with high performance and excellent luminance. [68], Originally Pandia may have been an epithet of Selene,[69] but by at least the time of the late Homeric Hymn, Pandia had become a daughter of Zeus and Selene.

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