The name caracal comes from the Turkish words for ‘black ear’-kara kulak. Jaguar Facts – Interesting Information About Jaguars. The International Species Information Service lists 169 in zoos worldwide, with 52 being in the U.S. Information reprinted With Permission from the IUCN Wild Cats Book, Thank you BCR,all this was VERY informative about this great looking Cat. how much water does a Caracal consume a day? Without a need for a nearby water source, they can exploit territory that other cats neglect, such as the semi-desert areas in which they are often found. Download free pictures of wild animals. After a month they begin to venture out of the birthing den. Larger prey items cannot be digested in one sitting. Cheers! Thomas Swan (author) from New Zealand on February 13, 2014: The hub that is linked below the summary should have more information on that. Thanks for the information for my 5th grade writing essay! your Rep on the video was really well informed of the features and lifestyle of this cat. For this purpose, the ears are highly flexible, with 29 muscles dedicated to their movement. This allows them to stalk to within 5 meters (16 feet) of their prey. Here they can be found from the Bottom Africa upwards. They will jump onto a small prey item and bite the back of the neck. They are a medium sized cat. Some can kill as many as 12 pigeons in one attack. The female is on heat for 5-6 days at a time. The tiny cubs have their eyes sealed shut until they are 10 days old. They are not picky when it comes to the species they eat but have some odd habits regarding the cleanliness of this prey. Misc: The name Caracal is derived from a Turkish word "karakulak" meaning "black ear." Thomas Swan (author) from New Zealand on October 26, 2014: Thanks pom pom girl. These wonders of evolution have extremely powerful hind legs, and they can jump approximately 4 meters into the air to catch birds. These are long black tufts of hair on the top of the ears. he's definitely done his homework.Thanks again…. IUCN: Not listed. I wrote a hub on the "plight" of the caracal sometime back. Social System and Communication: Caracals are solitary animals, and social interactions are limited to periods of mating, except for mothers with kittens. They are not picky when it comes to the species they eat but have some odd habits regarding the cleanliness of this prey. They will also inhabit evergreen and montane forests but are not found in tropical rain forests. 2016. They stand between 16-20 inches at the shoulder and are 35-39 inches long. Over this time the female mates with a number of males. The caracal diverged from the African golden cat about 2 million years ago, and these species (plus the serval) diverged from other small cats, such as the lynx and puma, about 9.4 million years ago. Join Our Mailing List to Get Daily Animal Profiles & Animal News Delivered to Your Mailbox. These three animals all hunt on the savanna, so they are likely to cross paths at some point. She decides which ones by establishing a pecking order of all the males vying for her. It is an evolutionary success story because of the adaptations that ensure its survival and ascendency in the wild. This species shows no pattern for its activity being active both during the day and at night. They range through parts of the Middle East and their range extends down to India. By Steve Snodgrass from Washington DC, USA (Semi-Wild Cat) [CC-BY-2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons, By Kevin Ho (KSHO_20100403_14-44-56  Uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC-BY-SA-2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons. Nick and Melissa Baker via Wikimedia Commons. The head and body length of males is 75-105.7cm (29.5-41.6in) while females measure 69-102.9cm (27.2-40.5in) long. all this was VERY useful about this appealing Cat. Tree cavities, or porcupine and aardvark burrows are used for this den. Although the TAG originally targeted the Asian race from Turkmenistan for the RCP, it became apparent that only highly inbred hybrids were present in North America. Breeding can occur year round. Indeed, the caracal is often found on the outskirts of the Sahara and Arabian deserts. Hear our purrs, hisses, snarls, calls, and growl sounds HERE. Somebody asked me why I picture caracals growling like bobcats. A caracal’s speed is its most valuable defense against these animals. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Females are smaller at 7-15.9kg (15.4-35.1lb). The caracal cat is a wild mammal that lives in Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and western India. This is because their demand for water is satisfied by the fluids in their prey. Males typically weigh 13 to 18 kilograms (29 to 40 lb), while females weigh about 11 kilograms (24 lb). She will mate with the biggest, strongest ones first. So the food is not wasted they will bury it under sand or hide it in a tree. Unlike most cats whose eyes contract to slits the caracals eyes have circular pupils. Avgan, B., Henschel, P. & Ghoddousi, A. These cats are mostly nocturnal but have been spotted in daylight in protected areas. Lynx also have these tufts, and the caracal is often called the desert lynx for this reason. These include the familiar purr of house cats along with mews, growls, hisses and a ‘wah-wah’ noise which they used to show they were uneasy. What better way to achieve evolutionary success than to overcome your need for drinking water?! The photos have been selected from amongst thousands of images of wild animals made available by various sources. Habitat: Caracals live in the drier savannah and woodland regions of sub-Saharan Africa, and prefer the more scrubby, arid habitats. It surprised me too when I learnt of it. The Caracal was once trained for bird hunting in Iran and India. In captivity, Caracals have lived up to 19 years. This prevents the prey from being eaten by hyenas and lions, allowing the caracal to make the most of its hunting success. They will come within 5m (16ft) of the caracal and they then sprint towards they prey. While they eat rotten meat they will not feed on some internal organs and will remove the fur from hyraxes. It may be possible for a caracal to go indefinitely without drinking water. They were put into arenas containing a flock of pigeons, and wagers were made as to how many the cat would takedown. The caracal is an exquisitely beautiful animal that has been shaped conspicuously by evolution. They begin to open their eyes on their first day of life, but it takes 6-10 days for them to completely open. Caracals are solitary animals. While they eat rotten meat they will not feed on some internal organs and will remove the fur from hyraxes. I've never heard of this species of wild cats, but they appear to be related to American bobcats, and the Canadian Lynx. Loved this – Thank you for the information.Presently writing a book for children about nocturnal animals. Distribution: Central Africa, South Africa, West Africa, southwest Asia, Middle East. Nevertheless, like most cats, it will rest during the hottest part of the day to conserve energy. Status: CITES: Appendix II. The caracal's adaptations and the variety of its prey serve it in a diverse range of habitats and territory sizes, meaning it is largely unthreatened as a species. It is also at this time that they become sexually mature. Africa and the Middle East is the home of the caracal. They are closely related to African golden cats and the serval. Their far reaching range means they live in many different habitat types. The caracal is typically a nocturnal hunter, but like some cats (e.g., lions), it has adapted to hunting during the day. The caracal's ability to thrive in a number of habitats is a barometer of its evolutionary success. Caracal caracal (errata version published in 2016). This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The caracal is a carnivore. Some of their main foods include mongooses, rodents, hyraxes, dik-diks, monkeys, impala, young kudu, springhares, gerbils, mice, birds and domestic livestock. After a year they will begin to become more independent of the mother. Debate is ongoing about their function some say it helps them blend in with grass while others hypothesise that it keeps flies away from their face. Do you have breeding programs for all of the endangered species you have in your sanctuaries? They maintain a territory which they will mark by leaving faeces where they can be seen and spraying urine onto bushes. 3 pet cats taken in 3weeks! Crazy, these are wicked animals! This allows them to return the next day to finish the meal. Some males stay with the female for this period to stop other males mating with her. Much like a leopard, the caracal can climb trees and will sometimes store large prey on branches to return to later. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Panda Cub at Smithsonian’s National Zoo Plays with a Pumpkin, Endangered Greater Stick Nest Rats Returned to the Wild, Grumpy Guineafowl Becomes a Dad at Edinburgh Zoo. Enjoy, I hope u like it. Some of their main foods include mongooses, rodents, hyraxes, dik-diks, monkeys, After mating the male will leave. This tuft is the characteristic that Caracals do share with the members of the lynx family. Thanks Wesman, appearances can be deceiving; caracals are most closely related to the serval and African golden cat. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T3847A102424310. Thomas Swan (author) from New Zealand on July 31, 2014: its the best website about caracals I could find. Despite its tufted ears inciting comparisons with the lynx, its closest genetic relatives are the serval and the African golden cat, which do not have ear tufts. After mating the male will leave. Reproduction and Offspring: After a gestation of approximately 78-81 days, females produce a litter of 1-4 kittens, with 2 being the average. In other areas of its range, it fights hunting for its skin and for its meat, which some bush tribes consider to be a luxury. One of their most amazing feats is the ability to kill an ostrich which is sitting down. Thomas Swan (author) from New Zealand on February 12, 2013: Thanks sgbrown! The chin throat and belly are white. Could the ear tufts function as fine wind sensors to precisely detect the speed and direction of air currents to allow the cat to better position itself in the optimal path toward a prey without being detected by its scent?

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