Muslims - people who controlled the land routes between Along with better ships, new navigational tools helped sailors travel more safely on the open seas. As the trading increased during the sixteenth and throughout the eighteenth century, millions of people were taken out of their home and deported to plantations in the New World. European mapmakers used Ptolemy’s work as a basis for drawing more accurate maps. During these wars, they used a lot of...Download file to see next pages Read More When Cortés appeared, the Aztecs welcomed him because they thought he might be this god, Quetzalcoatl. Many different factors stirred interest in colonization and exploration for Europeans. In response, the Aztecs rose up against the Spanish. Land routes - the roads and trails people traveled to get from Cabral first sailed southwest to avoid areas where there are no winds to fill sails. 3. In his book The Devastation of the Indies: A Brief Account, he wrote, “I saw here cruelty on a scale no living being has ever seen or expects to see.”. Conquistadors also introduced Europeans to new luxury items, such as chocolate. Mercator’s mapmaking technique was a great help to navigators. Their guns had a longer range, so they could attack from a safe distance. They acquired territory where necessary to further their commerce but For early explorers, … What were the causes of the age of exploration quizlet? What were the effects of the age of exploration? Don’t miss a chance to chat with experts. The most important Renaissance geographer, Gerardus Mercator (mer-KAY-tur), created maps using improved lines of longitude and latitude. During the 15th and 17th centuries Europe was changing rapidly and had its own reasons for growth. European explorers like Cortez were motivated by fame and riches, which is evident by the horrors they unleashed on Native people across the planet. The French Europe and Asia. New centers of commerce developed in the port cities of the Netherlands and England. With Spain’s decline, other countries—particularly England and the Netherlands—took a more active role in trade and colonization around the world. Before, he had thought that only some individuals acted cruelly and inhumanely. Nations looked to their colonies to supply raw materials for their industries at home. The Treaty of Lodi and the invasion in Italy was a political factor. Their work led to new ideas about government, human nature, and human rights. In April 1532, the Incan emperor, Atahualpa (ah–tuh–WAHL–puh), greeted the Spanish as guests. Why did European exploration begin to flourish in the 1400s? European Trade With Asia His explorations were the basis of the Dutch claim to the area. Trade with the East, however, was difficult and very expensive. For example, from the Americas came crops such as corn and potatoes, which grew well in Europe. Explorers often sailed for any country that would pay for their voyages. One key advance was in cartography, the art and science of mapmaking. The cause of European expansion was due to the overseas discovery, the growth in population and price inflation of all goods. This, of course, wasn’t born out of any altruistic nature. The Age of Exploration, the Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment helped to shape the world we live in today. The French and English also became involved on a smaller scale, setting up their global duel for empire in the eighteenth century” (history-world.org). Atlantic. Only those most adventurous, most daring, and most confident in their abilities to sail in any weather, manage any crew, and meet any circumstance dared do so. Muslims and Italians controlled the flow of goods. other people at higher prices. They traveled to Africa, past the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. Because of them, cultures divided by 3,000 miles or more of water began interacting. In 1497, he landed in what is now Canada. They sailed west from England, Spain, and Portugal to North America. With the increased competition, prices of Asian goods—such as spices and fabrics—dropped, and more people in Europe could afford to buy them. Still, the valuable cargo he brought back paid for the voyage many times over. His family worked as migrants, moving from place to place to pick crops.   New weaponry and sailing aide that was being created was a technological factor. I also plan to tell about why Europeans were interested in the land. Henry VIII became king of England in 1509 as a teenager, took his... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. In July 1497, Vasco da Gama set sail with four ships to chart a sea route to India. One such event happened to Las Casas in 1511. The European nations made a trade pattern known as the triangular trade. Others fled into the interior of Brazil. Cortes’s man Pedro de Alvarado waited in crowd of Aztecs during big celebration and started killing people (Massacre) It was a political alliance that maintained the second half of the fifteenth century. . 1. The … In return, the Spanish government claimed some of the treasures they found. Why did European exploration begin to flourish in the 1400s? The Dutch, between 1630 and 1650, almost cleared the Atlantic of Spanish warships and took over most of the Portuguese posts in Brazil, Africa, and Asia. Later, in the 19th century, Las Casas inspired both Father Hidalgo, the father of Mexican independence, and Simón Bolívar, the liberator of South America. The soldiers had to fight their way out of the city. The rest turned around but faced terrible storms on the way home. Enlightenment thinkers used observation and reason to try to solve problems in society. Bartolomé de las Casas (bahr–taw–law–MEY day las KAH-sahs) ran through the streets of Seville, Spain, on March 31, 1493. Besides gold and silver, ships from the Americas brought corn and potatoes to Spain. By 1650, the Dutch were supreme in both southern Asia and the South At first, he participated in Spain’s conquest and settlement of the Americas. The Impact of Later Spanish Exploration and Conquest. The book was written by the thinker Ptolemy (TOL-eh-mee) in the 2nd century C.E. Labor, too, was given a money value. . Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Early explorers such as Columbus and Magellan began their voyages in search of trade routes with Asia. It now cost people a great deal more to buy goods with the devalued money. The English The Chinese Emperor ordered “…to ascend more than one hundred large ships to go and confer presents on them in order to make manifest the transforming power of the imperial virtue and to treat distant people with kindness.” (Zheng He) Although it was not religion, that “transforming power of the imperial virtue”, aka conversion to the Chinese way of life, was definitely part of the motivation. Zheng He on the other hand, was ordered by his Emperor. There were a lot of important explorers in the European Exploration; here is some. Scholars The Italian sailor John Cabot made England’s first voyage of discovery. Las Casas argued that: • Indians, like all human beings, have rights to life and liberty.• The Spanish stole Indian land through bloody and unjust wars.• There is no such thing as a good encomienda.• Indians have the right to make war against the Spanish. During the 1500s, Portugal also began to establish colonies in Brazil. Exploration: Cause and Effect Missionaries sometimes tried to protect them from abuse, but countless numbers of native peoples died from overwork and from European diseases. He sailed to the island of Hispaniola, the present-day nations of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Don't use plagiarized sources. The major figure in early Portuguese exploration was Prince Henry, the son of King John I of Portugal. Europeans risked their lives to explore new lands, the expansion abroad come with hopes for land, riches and social advancement.

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