Again, I am of the post-war generation of CHamorus. Chamorro life has long centered on one's matriarchal clan. [19][20][21] Circa 1670, a Catholic missionary reported that men were sporting a style in which their heads were shaven, save for a "finger-length" amount of hair at the crown. After World War II, the Guam Organic Act of 1950 established Guam as an unincorporated organized territory of the United States, provided for the structure of the island's civilian government, and granted the people U.S. citizenship. In 1950 the population of Guam gained the full American citizenship,[31] which favoured Guamanian migration to the U.S. An example is how the traditional Chamorro number system was replaced by Spanish numbers.[7]. Local cookies are known as Guyuria. Leaders of the movement seek to return ancestral lands to the Chamorro people, and attain self-determination. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 10 przydatnych i popularnych wyrażeń używanych w mowie potocznej. Many of them moved to California. References to the derivative of first names, References to descriptive actions or quality, Other references to status, body parts and other categories. [15] Fernberger wrote in his account of the Chamorro that “penis pins” were employed as a chastity measure for young males, a type of genital piercing similar to those employed by inhabitants of precolonial Maritime Southeast Asia.[16]. The Chamorro language is included in the Malayo-Polynesian subgroup of the Austronesian family. Chamorro society was based on what sociologist Dr. Lawrence J. Cunningham termed the “matrilineal avuncuclan”, one characteristic of which is that the brother(s) of the female parent plays a more primary paternal role than biological male parent of a child. On Guam, the enlistment rate is around 14 people per 10,000;[22] by contrast, the US state of Montana, which has the highest per capita enlistment, has a rate almost half that, with approximately eight people per 10,000. In the Marianas, Korean, Chinese, Japanese, and American cuisine are also commonly available. Today, significant Chamorro populations also exist in several U.S. states including Hawaii, California, Washington, Texas, Tennessee, Oregon, and Nevada. Chamorro cuisine is influenced by various cultures. When the men were unsuccessful in hunting it down, the women used their hair to weave a net, which grew larger as they sang. The singing enchanted the fish, and lured it into the giant net.[12]. During the Spanish–American War, the United States captured Guam on June 21, 1898. Large-scale events are held throughout the year on Guam and Saipan, which feature local competitors as well as guest participants from abroad. There are various categories that designate each family according to either the surnames, derivative of first names, actions, objects, status, occupation, and names of animals or plants. Father Pierre Coomans wrote of the practice among Chamorro women of teeth blackening/dental lacquering (also a widespread custom in ancient maritime Southeast Asia, Japan, southeastern China, and parts of Indochina), which they considered beautiful as a distinction apart from animals. Since Guam is not a U.S. state, U.S. citizens residing on Guam are not allowed to vote for president and their congressional representative is a non-voting member. CHamorus have developed a way of identifying people other than their given names. After Spain annexed and conquered the Marianas, the caste system eventually became extinct under Spanish rule, and all of the indigenous residents of the archipelago eventually came to be referred to by the Spanish exonym "Chamorro". The Governor of Guam was federally appointed until 1968, when the Guam Elective Governor Act provided for the office's popular election. The increasing numbers of Chamorros, especially Chamorro youth, relocating to the U.S. Mainland, has complicated both definition and preservation of Chamorro identity. Examples of popular foods of foreign origin include various types of sweet or savory empanada, originally introduced by Spain, and pancit, a noodle dish from the Philippines. Whether this “better known as” system came about because it was difficult to keep track of people due to many people having the same saint’s names, or from old clan names, can only be speculated upon. Influence from the German era in the Northern Marianas is most visible in the form of certain given names and family surnames.

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