Henry Purcell Senior, whose older brother Thomas Purcell (d. 1682) was also a musician, was a gentleman of the Chapel Royal and sang at the coronation of King Charles II of England. In 2009 Pete Townshend of The Who, an English rock band that established itself in the 1960s, identified Purcell's harmonies, particularly the use of suspension and resolution that Townshend had learned from producer Kit Lambert, as an influence on the band's music (in songs such as "Won't Get Fooled Again" (1971), "I Can See for Miles" (1967) and the very Purcellian intro to "Pinball Wizard").[39][40]. Henry was a chorister in the Chapel Royal until his voice broke in 1673, when he became assistant to the organ-builder John Hingston, who held the post of keeper of wind instruments to the King. He married Frances Peters sometime before 1681. Henry Purcell's family lived just a few hundred yards west of Westminster Abbey from 1659 onwards. In 2013, the Pet Shop Boys released their single "Love Is a Bourgeois Construct" incorporating one of the same ground basses from King Arthur used by Nyman in his Draughtsman's Contract score. (New York City: St. Martin's Press Inc., 1967), 267. However, his earliest identified work is an ode to the King’s birthday in 1670. When the organist of Westminster Abbey, Blow, resigned from his post in 1670, Henry Purcell was appointed to his position. Elizabeth was buried in St Margaret's Westminster on 26th August 1699. Purcell was born in 1659 to Henry Purcell, master of choristers at Westminster Abbey, and his wife Elizabeth. A. Purcell. Another is that he succumbed to tuberculosis. It was written to a libretto furnished by Nahum Tate, and performed in 1689 in cooperation with Josias Priest, a dancing master and the choreographer for the Dorset Garden Theatre. [15] His first printed composition, Twelve Sonatas, was published in 1683. [14] In 1690 he composed a setting of the birthday ode for Queen Mary, Arise, my muse[20] and four years later wrote one of his most elaborate, important and magnificent works – a setting for another birthday ode for the Queen, written by Nahum Tate, entitled Come Ye Sons of Art.[21]. [33] His epitaph reads: "Here lyes Henry Purcell Esq., who left this life and is gone to that Blessed Place where only His harmony can be exceeded."[34]. Westrup, J. Purcell was born in St Ann's Lane Old Pye Street, Westminster. Several of their children were baptised at the Abbey: John Baptista 1682 (died the same year), Frances 1688, Edward 1689 (he later became organist at St Margaret's Westminster), and Mary Peters 1693. In 1693, he composed his first comedies- The Old Bachelor and The Double Dealer. (London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd., 1975), 80. The composition Dido and Aeneas was written to a libretto and performed in 1689, and is now considered to be the first genuine English opera. He wrote several musical scores for operas, semi-operas, and theatre plays, as well as odes, cantatas, and other miscellaneous pieces. CD by Abbey choir "O Praise the Lord: Restoration music from Westminster Abbey" available from the Shop. His eldest son was born in this same year, but his life was short lived. In the 21st century, the soundtrack of the 2005 film version of Pride and Prejudice features a dance titled "A Postcard to Henry Purcell". So strong was his reputation that a popular wedding processional was incorrectly attributed to Purcell for many years. Westrup, J. I’ve worked here for over thirty years and have seen many of the major services - it’s strange to realise that you are in a small way part of history. Westrup, J. He credited Purcell as a "music consultant." The beginning of Purcell's will reads: After his death, Purcell was honoured by many of his contemporaries, including his old friend John Blow, who wrote An Ode, on the Death of Mr. Henry Purcell (Mark how the lark and linnet sing) with text by his old collaborator, John Dryden. [2] Henry the elder had three sons: Edward, Henry and Daniel. His wife, as well as his son Edward (1689–1740) and daughter Frances, survived him. Another one of Purcell's operas is King Arthur, or The British Worthy in 1691. Stylistically, the aria "I know a bank" from Britten's opera A Midsummer Night's Dream is clearly inspired by Purcell's aria "Sweeter than Roses", which Purcell originally wrote as part of incidental music to Richard Norton's Pausanias, the Betrayer of His Country. (New York City: St. Martin's Press Inc., 1967), 266. She was the daughter of John Baptist Peters, originally a Flemish immigrant. Today there is a Henry Purcell Society of Boston, which performs his music in live concert and currently is online streaming concerts, in response to the pandemic. [10] His wife Frances died in 1706, having published a number of her husband's works, including the now-famous collection called Orpheus Britannicus,[2] in two volumes, printed in 1698 and 1702, respectively. Westrup, J. In 1685 the new King, James II, introduced many changes at Court, one of which was to make Purcell the Court harpsichordist and Blow the Court composer. This work was annually performed at St Paul's Cathedral until 1712, after which it was performed alternately with Handel's Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate until 1743,[2] when both works were replaced by Handel's Dettingen Te Deum. His work at the time was mostly dedicated to the Royal family and sacred topics. CD by Abbey choir "O Praise the Lord: Restoration music from Westminster Abbey" available from the Shop. One of the most known compositions of these was the “They that go down to the sea in ships.” Many works of Purcell from the time have been lost, and its known about them from his letters. The ode is titled Who can from joy refrain? In Victoria Street, Westminster, England, there is a bronze monument to Purcell (right), sculpted by Glynn Williams and erected in 1994. Purcell is honoured together with Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel with a feast day on the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA) on 28 July. Henry Purcell fathered six children by his wife Frances, four of whom died in infancy. In 1690, he composed an ode for Queen Mary, “Arise my muse.” He also wrote the “Come Ye Sons of Art” in 1694, another ode to the Queen. After his father's death in 1664, Purcell was placed under the guardianship of his uncle who showed him great affection and kindness. With the ascension of William and Mary to the throne on April 11, 1689, Purcell retained his post as royal instrument keeper, and he, along with Blow and Alexander Damazene, shared the duties of Court composers. Between 1680 and 1688 Purcell wrote music for seven plays. See the full gallery: Purcell: 15 facts about the great composer, : Purcell: 15 facts about the great composer, ‘It’s really important to create your support network, very early on’ – advice from a rising star, Joyce DiDonato has posted a powerful response to the, We asked an expert to explain why Dido's Lament breaks, Smooth Classics at Seven with John Brunning, Download 'Cello Concerto No.1 in C major (2)' on iTunes, Purcell: 15 facts about the great composer. Zimmerman, Franklin. https://www.sunsigns.org/famousbirthdays/d/profile/henry-purcell In this year, Purcell also composed a march and quick-step, which became so popular that Lord Wharton adapted the latter to the fatal verses of Lillibullero; and in or before January 1688, he composed his anthem "Blessed are they that fear the Lord" by express command of the King.

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