Then he asked help for the political prisoners who remain in Cuba. But if in a while you believe the situation is not changing, you have the right to resign. Matos, 50, is living in Costa Rica, prosecutors said. [7] In the view of U.S. On December 8 1980, Mr. Matos asked the United Nations to investigate a hunger strike in Cuban prisons. As a teacher in a provincial school and a small-scale rice farmer, he scarcely fitted the profile of a guerrilla leader, and was certainly no communist. He is affiliated with medical facilities Ascension St. Vincent's Clay County Hospital and Ed Fraser Memorial Hospital. [12] Matos served as secretary general for Cuba Independiente y Democrática (CID), a Miami-based organization founded in October 1980 in Venezuela. Central figure says U.S. officials knew of plan. They had four children, of whom a son, Huber Matos Jr, also became a prominent revolutionary figure.

His policy – and that of Independent and Democratic Cuba, the exile organisation he founded when he moved to Miami – remained rooted in the uncompromising rejection of all contacts with the regime.

[11] According to Matos:[2]. The crowd broke into applause. • Huber Matos, military and political leader, born 26 November 1918; died 27 February 2014, Available for everyone, funded by readers. Matos was born in Yara, in Oriente Province. Matos, and his son Huber Rogelio Matos Araluce (Huber Matos Jr.), became active participants in the U.S.-based opposition to the Castro regime.He wrote a book about his experiences, Cómo llegó la noche (How the Night Came), which is available in Spanish and in French (Et la nuit est tombée). [2] Two days later, Castro sent fellow revolutionary Camilo Cienfuegos to arrest Matos. Huber Matos Benítez (26 November 1918 – 27 February 2014) was a Cuban dissident activist and writer. Matos, a schoolteacher, joined the Castro revolution against Fulgencio Batista and helped provide weapons to rebels by staging supply flights from abroad. Previously, he had been a revolutionary who assisted Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and other members of the 26th of July Movement (M-26-7) in successfully overthrowing the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista as part of the Cuban Revolution. Later Wednesday, Matos took calls from supporters in Cuba, including a group of activists who sang the Cuban national anthem over the phone, the statement said. He was, he explained, among the “plantados,” the prisoners who refused even to watch old movies on television because they did not want to cooperate with their captors in any way. Matos, and his son Huber Rogelio Matos Araluce (Huber Matos Jr.), became active participants in the U.S.-based opposition to the Castro regime.[2]. Our servers have detected that you are accessing this site from a country that is a member of the European Union. The same day Matos was arrested, Miami Cuban exile Pedro Luis Díaz Lanz, former air force chief of staff under Castro, dropped leaflets into Havana that called for the removal of all Communists from the government.

Matos, and his son Huber Rogelio Matos Araluce (Huber Matos Jr.), became active participants in the U.S.-based opposition to the Castro regime. In 1979, he was released and quickly flew to Costa Rica, where his wife and children had lived since the 1960s. In July 1959, Matos made public denunciations of the direction the revolution was taking, with openly anti-communist speeches in Camagüey. We still have too much work to do. Early votes have been counted.

When the Cuban revolutionary war broke out in the late 1950s, Matos was already nearly 40. I had to go on hunger strikes, mount other types of protests. In an exchange of letters, Matos urged him not to treat critics as counter-revolutionaries. The cause of death was a “massive heart attack,” according to a lengthy statement released by the family shortly after his death at 4 a.m. Matos had been taken to Kendall Regional Hospital Tuesday and the next day asked to be disconnected from an oxygen system so he could “say farewell to his wife María Luisa Araluce, his children and grandchildren,” the family statement said. Third Party materials included herein protected under copyright law.

Others stood silently, as it dazed. Matos also embodied the widespread disillusion that many Cubans felt toward Castro when it became clear early on that the revolution was turning toward Communism. Gabriel M Matos. Just before Korten made his remarks, Cuban exile leader Huber Matos Jr. disclosed another unfavorable development. Both Castros gave evidence and Raúl called for the death penalty, although in the end Matos was sentenced to 20 years in jail. Back in 1990, I spoke with Matos by phone.

© 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. [14] Matos Jr. lived in Costa Rica and as a Costa Rican citizen could not be extradited to the U.S. for trial.

They then moved to Miami where he resided until his death in February of 2014. The revolutionary hero Camilo Cienfuegos, a fellow comandante, was sent to arrest Matos in October 1959 and to take charge of Camagüey. It added: “His last words were ‘The struggle continues, long live a free Cuba’ ”. He became a school teacher in Manzanillo, while also owning a small rice plantation. “In principle, I'm not opposed to Cuba's trying to organize a new society or have a new economy,” Mr. Figueres said. He had been released Sunday morning in Havana, but he told the waiting crowd, “It is here where I feel truly free.” They waved Cuban flags and cried, “Huber! "Huber Matos" 2004, DiCrystal Enterprises, Inc. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Huber_Matos&oldid=972569458, Exiles of the Cuban Revolution in the United States, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from February 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2016, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 August 2020, at 19:30. Mr. Figueres helped Mr. Matos assemble weapons he took to Mr. Castro's guerrillas in 1958. I was tortured on several occasions, [I] was subjected to all kinds of horrors, all kinds, including the puncturing of my genitals. It was a week of extraordinary tension, with the revolution still less than a year old. Following the rally, Castro called a government meeting to determine Matos’s fate. Terrible things. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems; we are continuing to work to improve these archived versions. as they crowded toward him and drank strong, dark Costa Rican coffee in small cups. On 8 August 1958 Castro awarded Matos the rank of combat commander, giving him the lead of the rebel army’s ninth column that carried the honorary name of Antonio Guiteras, a Cuban leftist politician who had been assassinated more than a decade earlier. Fidel replied that he was "under no obligation to account to you for my actions". He spoke of his health, of his living conditions, and of other lies that he had lived in a mansion with plenty to eat and air conditioning. First published on Mon 3 Mar 2014 12.45 EST. In July 1959, Matos denounced the direction the revolution was taking by giving openly anti-communist speeches in Camagüey.
‘I admit that Raúl and Che are flirting with Marxism… but you have the situation under control… Forget about resigning… But if in a while you believe the situation is not changing, you have the right to resign.'”. On and off, I spent a total of sixteen years in solitary confinement, constantly being told that I was never going to get out alive, that I had been sentenced to die in prison. Within six months, the revolutionary movement successfully overthrew Batista and seized control of the country. Castro ignored the demand, and when Matos then asked to be relieved of his duties he was told: "We still need men like you." Agencies/Various/InternetPhotos/YouTube/TheCubanHistory.com Sign up for email alerts and be the first to know when news breaks. All rights reserved. “I want to make my trip back to Cuba from the very land whose people always displayed solidarity and affection toward me,” Matos wrote in his last letter, a sort of political testament to be disclosed after his death. He became a school teacher in Manzanillo, while also owning a small rice plantation. This launched a months-long dispute between him and Castro, then Prime Minister of Cuba, When Castro replaced President Manuel Urrutia with the more radical Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado, Matos tendered his resignation in a letter to Castro. I have to leave power as soon as possible. “My extended family,” he called them. Forced into exile, he obtained fresh recruits, weapons and ammunition in Costa Rica and flew them to Cuba in a C-47 transport plane in March 1958. It was a very interesting conversation. His wife and children were with him, and so were some of his old comrades in arms. Matos was born in Yara, in Oriente Province.
“Impossible.”, By 4 A.M., Mr. Matos was sitting in the living room of relatives. Matos was reunited with his wife and children, who had left Cuba during the 1960s, in Costa Rica.


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