Sancho instead provides the earthy wisdom of Spanish proverbs, surprising his master. English "paunch," Italian "pancia", several Italian dialects "panza", Portuguese "pança", French "panse"). but also humor and compassion. Other The simple peasant who follows Don Quixote out of greed, Don Quixote promises Sancho the governance of an ínsula, or island. The tension of their opposing personalities, however, is resolved on their separate paths to glory. Surprisingly, Sancho is able to rule justly (mostly), applying common (if occasionally inconsistent) sense and practical wisdom in spite of, or because of simplistic advice that Don Quixote has read about. In the novel, Don Quixote comments on the historical state and condition of Aragón and Castilla, which are vying for power in Europe. Visit to buy new and used textbooks, and check out our award-winning NOOK tablets and eReaders. foil. the contemporaries against whom Don Quixote rebels, he eventually relinquishes When the novel begins, Sancho has been married for a long time to a woman named Teresa Cascajo[1] and has a daughter, María Sancha (also named Marisancha, Marica, María, Sancha, and Sanchica), who is said to be old enough to be married. Sancho Panza represents, among other things, the quintessentially Spanish brand of skepticism of the period. He observes and thinks about Don Quixote, enabling us to judge Don Sancho Panza, Don Quixote’s squire in the novel Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes, a short, pot-bellied peasant whose gross appetite, common sense, and vulgar wit serve as a foil to the mad idealism of his master. By the time Sancho returns home for the last time, he has Sancho has long been expecting some vague but concrete reward for this adventure and believes the word to signify the prize that will make the trouble he has been enduring worthwhile. For the Duke it was all a game meant to relieve the empty boredom of a monotonous court life. just ruler, a better governor than the educated, wealthy, and aristocratic This article was most recently revised and updated by, On the right other people laugh, including a black man By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. At one point, Sancho alludes to the "false" Avellaneda book by addressing his wife (standardized as Teresa Panza) using the wrong name. truly honorable men, even when they have lower-class origins. learning from the world around him thanks to his constant curiosity. shows that faith in God may be a humanizing force that distinguishes The two later encounter a duke and duchess who pretend to make Sancho governor of a fictional fief, la ínsula Barataria (roughly "Isle Come-cheaply"; see Cockaigne). Actors who have played Sancho in the play include Irving Jacobson (who also sang on the original cast album), Tony Martinez (1977 and 1992 revivals), and Ernie Sabella (2002 revival). Before a fit of madness turned Alonso Quijano into Don Quixote, Sancho Panza was indeed his servant. By the time Sancho returns home for the last time, he has gained confidence in himself and in his ability to solve problems, regardless of his lower-class status. [2], Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Adventures of Don Coyote and Sancho Panda, "Impacting into the asteroid - Don Quijote concept", Don Quichotte auf der Hochzeit des Comacho,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from May 2010, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

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