232-250. Fosberg FR, 1992. Prevention and management of invasive alien species: Proceedings of a Workshop on Forging Cooperation throughout the Austral-Pacific, Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, 15-17 October 2002. Adelaide Bot. Ekanayakc DC; Peiris SE; Pushpakumara D, 2007. Wagner WL; Herbst DR, 2003. 42 (2), 155-176. Economic Botany, 42(2):155-176. http://www.gisp.org. Moldenke HN, 1980. In: Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Geneve, Geneva, Switzerland, and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, South Africa, Geneva, Switzerland: CJB/SANBI. However, while S. urticifolia has been reported for Hawaii (Wagner et al., 1999), more recently the populations of Stachytarpheta formerly called S. urticifolia in the Hawaiian archipelago have been considered to represent S. cayennensis (Wagner and Herbst, 2003). Plants have been used for medicinal uses … Botanical Gazette, 106:158-164. Taiwania. Stachytarpheta jamaicensis indica (L.) H.J.Lam. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/index.htm, Chandler GT; Westaway JO; Conn BJ, 2014. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica. American Journal of Botany. Flora of tropical East Africa: Verbenaceae., Rotterdam, Netherlands: Balkema. Wu ShanHuah, Yang T Y A, Teng YungChing, Chang ChihYuan, Yang KuohCheng, Hsieh ChangFu, 2010. Flora of tropical East Africa: Verbenaceae. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Singh TB; Das AK; Singh PK, 2015. The description by (Sims, 1816) was based on cultivated plants in England and does not indicate provenance. Top of page S. jamaicensis has no significant uses. 129 pp. ], 46 (2) [ed. While no reports have assessed any specific seed dispersal mechanisms of S. urticifolia, the very similar Stachytarpheta cayennensis is reported in Australia to be spread by attaching to animal fur and to machinery (Weeds of Australia, 2011). Stachytarpheta urticifolia Sims, a new snakeweed record for the flora of Manipur, India. Stachytarpheta urticifolia Dalzell & A.Gibson Common names nettleleaf velvetberry in English 長穗木;木馬鞭;假敗醬 in language. Phytologia Memoirs, 3:1-629. Supplement 8. The dates of introduction to many parts of its range are unknown, in part, due to confusion in the literature between this and related species, a problem that will not be unraveled until these species receive a global taxonomic revision. In Bangladesh S. urticifolia has been used as a anthelmintic, abortifacient and used traditionally in venereal diseases Invasive alien plants of Indian Himalayan Region - diversity and implication. Wilcox M, Platt G, 2002. S. jamaicensis: Floral bracts ovate-lanceolate, scariously margined mostly above the middle; leaf teeth obtuse. Mag.,43: t. 1848,1816 Munir, Ahmad Abid, 1992: A taxonomic revision of the genus Stachytarpheta … African Plant Database. 10 (2), 169-175. http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=103794 DOI:10.1007/s10530-007-9120-2. Systematic And Ethnobotanical Studies On The Family Verbenaceae Of Kerala State. It was cultivated in England by the early 1800s (Sims, 1816). Every year, millions of people die in third world countries due to diarrhea and in non-industrial countries due to peptic ulcer. Individual plants of S. urticifolia can be easily hand-pulled. Glyphosate can also be used effectively (Weeds of Australia, 2011). It is used for digestive problems such as indigestion, acid reflux, ulcers, constipation, dyspepsia and slow digestion. Observations on invasive plant species in Micronesia.. St John H, 1974. Ethnobotany of Tokelau: the plants, their Tokelau names, and their uses. Verdcourt B, 1992. (Melastomataceae). Atkins S, 2005. Perennial semi-woody herb; weakly erect, 80-200 cm tall, the stem or branches dichotomous, 4-angled, dark green flushed with purple. Ethnobotany of Tokelau: the plants, their Tokelau names, and their uses. Revised edition. Stachytarpheta is a genus of about 133 species in the Verbenaceae, distributed mainly in tropical America (Atkins, 2005). 3 (2), 177-184. http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?paperID=17533 DOI:10.4236/ajps.2012.32021, Shine C, Reaser J K, Gutierrez A T, 2003. Whistler WA, 1988. The validity of this species has been controversial, complicated by the lack of a type specimen (Munir, 1992; Chen and Wu, 2003). Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Telopea, 16:83-87. http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/Telopea/results.php?Where=ArtVolume=%2716%27&Restriction=ArtParentRef=3. (2002) recommends foliar application of 2,4-D or MCPA. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii. Inflorescence axillary, terminal spicate, … Gard, 14(2):133-168. Confusion and misidentification of these species in the literature is rampant. The primary economic value of S. urticifolia is as an ornamental species. The species can sometimes reproduce asexually by rooting at stem nodes. Surv. Contribution a la connaissance de la vegetation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna. Rain forest composition and patterns of secondary succession in the Vava'u island group, Tonga. 274 pp. Jia-lin S, 2009. Indian Forester. Micronesica Supp, 6:61-65. The species is mostly shade intolerant (Kuo, 2003), but can colonize in deciduous forests (Reddy et al., 2008; Sunilkumar, 2015). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Journal of Vegetation Science. Sci, 44:11-24. 133 pp. For Res, 20(1):135-142. Both plants were used in poultice form for the same medicinal … (Contribution a la connaissance de la vegetation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna). Supplement 8. Sekar K C, 2012. Further species of Stachytarpheta are occasionally found as weeds in the tropics and subtropics, including Stachytarpheta angustifolia, Stachytarpheta australis and Stachytarpheta mutabilis. Flora of Dominica, Part 2: Dicotyledoneae. S. urticifolia is a widely used ornamental plant, cultivated for its attractive flowers. Moldenke H N, 1944. Herman P, 1990. European vervain is also used for PMS and menopausal symptoms including headaches, irritability and mood swings. Bot. Ellison JC, 1990. by Shine, C.\Reaser, J. K.\Gutierrez, A. T.]. The leaves have been used for cuts, bruises, and other uses. Acevedo-Rodriguez P; Strong MT, 2016. Nicholson DH, 1991. Remarks on the species of Stachytarpheta (Verbenaceae) of Taiwan. Kerala, India: St. Berchmans College. Spikes terminal, flexible during anthesis, 25-40 cm long, 3 mm in diameter. Another use is for people who have disturbed sleep and to help them relax into a more peaceful sleep. Cape Town, South Africa: Global Invasive Species Programme. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Geneve, Geneva, Switzerland, and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, South Africa. Journal of Fujian Forestry Science and Technology, 3:63. Extension Bulletin (ASPAC/FFTC), 13 pp. Some authors have used the spelling S. urticaefolia rather than S. urticifolia, and have also attributed the authorship to Salisbury (e.g. Journal of Biogeography [Special issue. Some recent authors include S. urticifolia in synonymy of Stachytarpheta cayennensis, a native of tropical America (Munir, 1992; Wunderlin and Hansen, 2003). Vegetation and floristics of the Tongatapu outliers. A foaming, porter-like brew, much like beer, is made from at least one species in the Bahamas. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Pharmaceutical Biology. The blue porterweed is native to tropical America but is naturalized in warm areas around the world, including south Florida. Revised edition. For example, in the Ogasawara Islands, Japan, it invades disturbed areas and prevents the regeneration of native species by disrupting successional processes (Abe et al., 2014). Taxon, 41(4):751. Reddy CS, 2008. India, 34(1-4):165-173. Stachytarpheta species are often used as traditional medicines. The following is adapted from Chen and Wu (2003). Guide to the vascular plants of Florida. Vahl (Verbenaceae). 158-164. St John H, 1974. Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii, 35 pp. Dark blue snakeweed, Stachytarpheta cayennensis. Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii, 32 pp. The known geographic distribution of the members of the Verbenaceae and Avicenniaceae: supplement 4. Valerianoides jamaicense linearifolium Kuntze. Geneva, Switzerland: CJB/SANBI. DOI:10.2307/3237160, Hazell S P, Vel T, Fellowes M D E, 2008. In Cuban herbal medicine (where the plant is named verbena cimarrona) the plant is considered to be abortive, laxative, diuretic, and sedative and used to reduce spasms, depress the central nervous … In: Life Science Journal, 5 (2) 84-89. Bibliographic References. http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/index.htm, CABI, Undated. S. urticifolia was found to be both self- and cross-compatible. Surv. A preliminary checklist of the flora of Rotuma with Rotuman names. It has the ability to compete with native species where it becomes established. > 0°C, dry winters), Stachytarpheta urticifolia (Salisb.) Auckland Bot Soc J, 57:60-75. In: Pacific Science [Vegetation ecology of the Pacific Islands. Seeds germinated within 11-14 days. Plant ID forum: Stachytarpheta urticifolia (Porterweed) ? Nicolson (1991) considered it as a native to Asia and as introduced in the Caribbean. Rasheduzzaman Chowdhury, Mamun-Ur-Rashid, Khan O F, Choudhury Hasan, 2004. Rotterdam, Netherlands: Balkema, 155 pp. Pacific Science. The dried leaves were at one time exported from Brazil to Europe as tea, and an infusion of the leaves is used medicinally in Southeast Asia (Holm et al. Morat P; Veillon J-M, 1985. It has been grown in gardens for over 200 years. The species is adapted best to high light environments, with the highest seed germination under light conditions. Based on these findings, the researchers concluded that S. urticifolia contains active components that can relieve diarrhea and reduce gastric ulcers effectively in experimental rats. Trees and shrubs in time and space. Prevention and management of invasive alien species: Proceedings of a Workshop on Forging Cooperation throughout the Austral-Pacific, Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii, 15-17 October 2002 [ed. It has a very high reproductive rate and in tropical climates the species escapes from cultivation readily. In: Bull. In: Atoll Research Bulletin No. The known geographic distribution of the members of the Verbenaceae and Avicenniaceae. Bioactivity of extractives from Stachytarpheta urticaefolia. Stachytarpheta Jamaicensis is a weed. Kuo Y L, 2003. Castanea, 13(3):110-121. leiopoda (USFWS, 2010). Curtis's botanical magazine, Volume XVIII. Catalogue of invasive alien flora of India. Munir AA, 1992. http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/Stachytarpheta_cayennensis. Due to its attractive blue flowers, which attract a diversity of pollinators, it is grown in tropical regions. Study of Alien and Invasive Flora of Valley District of Manipur and Their Control.

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