Although it would be relatively easy to make this change in the law, there is likely to be considerable opposition to doing so. Similarly, Stephens and Eaton (2014) found that college Latino’s machismo beliefs were not salient in their reflections upon dating coercion. The self-esteem of overweight and non-overweight Black adolescent girls was found to be similar, but self-esteem was significantly lower in overweight White and Hispanic girls than in non-overweight White and Hispanic girls. This is especially true in urbanized areas where the mother has taken a job outside the home. Among adolescent Latinas, these attitudes directly shape their willingness to challenge male partners when they disagree with them or want to make alternative choices, placing them in a vulnerable position for ADV victimization (Villegas et al., 2013). Overweight Native American and Asian American boys may be more likely than Caucasian boys to be teased about their weight. 1963) were produced in the 1960s, systematic geological (Ward et al. Here are some popular dates celebrated by Hispanics. This belated interest in coral reef studies in Mexico arises from two related facts: a) that marine sciences in general did not become a priority in Mexico until the 1970s, and b) coral reefs are but a small part of the vast marine ecosystems of the country. The uniqueness of the individual is more important than the individual accomplishment. Like any other culture in the world, Hispanic culture is in no short supply of holidays to celebrate. Some providers find it more difficult to establish eye contact while using telehealth technologies. Defendants in these cases claim they were provoked to kill, but argue that what provoked them would not provoke the so-called average reasonable person. If not, “vast numbers of students will be caught between [the] irreconcilable worlds of home and school” (p. 38). Grounded in the context of Catholicism’s Virgin Mary, marianismo behaviors encourage women to reflect this iconic figures representation of moral integrity, spiritual strength, and the ability to endure suffering, particularly when inflicted by men (Comas-Díaz, 1995). Culturally specific gender roles and acculturation into US mainstream culture are two of the risk factors for ADV that apply specifically to Hispanic adolescents. Different groups vary widely in their comfort levels with interpersonal proximity. A hug and a light kiss on the cheek are also often used with woman, and men and women who are close friends or family. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, Eric Jordán-Dahlgren, Rosa Elisa Rodríguez-Martínez, in, Ethnocultural Dynamics and Acquired Aphasia. Currently, this census category includes four groups—Cuban, Mexican, Mexican American, and Puerto Rican—and “other Hispanic.”. Ceviche, which is thought to have originated in Peru, is considered a delicacy by many Americans. Videoconferencing has the ability to manipulate the proximity between the patient and the provider by use of the “zoom” function on the camera. For example, traditional African and Hispanic cultures might place less emphasis on the thin ideal and relatively more emphasis on larger body types as healthy and positive, as discussed above. As a result, we cannot definitively know if acculturation to the American culture is a risk factor, or the maintenance of Hispanic culture is a protective factor, or both. Originally, this term was used to indicate a relationship to ancient Hispania, the Roman name of the Iberian Peninsula. This is another important and deeply religious Hispanic holiday. Cross-culturally, ADV has been associated with the acceptance of traditional gender stereotypes. Parents also indicated that American schools were intolerant and used inappropriate methods to teach and evaluate bilingual children. In doing so, it is important to note several unique and highly salient features in Puerto Rican culture. The magnitude of these effects was reasonably large. In the United States, both terms are used interchangeably as both words refer to fairly the same ethnic group. Alison Dundes Renteln, in Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, & Conflict (Second Edition), 2008. For example, in the studies noted above, the research does not take into account the extent to which Hispanic teens have acculturated to the American culture and simultaneously maintained attachment to their culture of origin. In light of the new US demographics, we want to encourage training programs to extend their multicultural course to at least two semesters, and maybe more to allow sufficient class time to address all the essential topics. In fact, it may be that the loss of close connections with the familial unit through the rejection of traditional Hispanic culture is the real factor influencing teens risk for ADV victimization or perpetration, rather than the fact they are becoming more “American” (González-Guarda et al., 2011). These findings must be further read with caution, as acculturation is often measured in narrow or incomplete ways. Some celebrations are observed only in the United States, like the Hispanic Heritage Month. Hispanics are incredibly open and friendly. (data obtained from the Coral Reef Systems Laboratory, ICMyL, UNAM), Joan C. Payne, in Acquired Aphasia (Third Edition), 1998. There are so many more traditions, beliefs, customs, and societal norms that we can’t possibly cover in one article. For example, research on Hispanic culture and violence suggest that some aspects of Hispanic culture are associated with more acceptance or prevalence of violence (Sanderson, Coker, Roberts, Tortolero, & Reininger, 2004). Haglund and colleagues’ (2012) research with Mexican American young women, for example, found that participants opposed the stereotype that in Mexican culture men dominate and women do “as they are told.” These women provided familial examples to contradict the stereotypes and describing a desire for egalitarian gender roles in their relationships. It is possible that a more accepting attitude exists within a particular culture, but a clash may occur when obese individuals from that culture are stigmatized for their weight by majority group members. Some are more traditional than others, but they all help keep our culture alive. Other characteristics that transcend the various cultures are the influence of Catholic ideology, the centrality of the family, and the highly structured and differentiated roles of men and women. Hispanic refers to the people of Spanish-speaking countries. I clearly remember attending lush Quinceañera parties. It was used to identify people living in the United States who are of Latin American descent. TABLE 1. The expert would have testified that the Hispanic culture is based on honor, and for a street fighter in the Hispanic culture, there is no retreat. ​Do not start eating until your host/hostess begins eating. Spanish culture encompasses the heritage and traditions of the people of Spain. Although he realized that killing was wrong, the phrase was so extremely insulting that he lost self-control. If one could show that street-fighters are expected to kill every person with whom they fight, then the logical implication might be that the court would have to relax the standard that the use of deadly force requires that a person actually fear imminent death or great bodily injury. Other provocation cases involve honor killing. The court expressed concern about the implications of recognizing a separate street-fighter standard. According to these results, both prevention approaches were equally effective, producing significant reductions in behavioral intentions to drink and use illicit drugs, and suggesting that a generic drug abuse prevention approach with high generalizability may be as effective as one tailored to individual ethnic populations. Traditionally, the Hispanic family (both nuclear and extended) has been the foundation for social structure by providing members with financial and social support. Colombian arepa stands are often present at street fairs. This section will focus on the Puerto Rican family. In the broadest sense, culture includes how people think, what they do, and Allow the host to give the first toast. In some Asian and American Indian groups, direct eye contact is considered rude and disrespectful (Elliott, 1999). For example, Hispanic cultures rely heavily on facial expressions such as frowning or tipping the head (Nieves & Stack, 2007). ​Do not sit until you’ve been shown to your seat and are asked to sit. Working with a diverse population often means that the clinician’s characteristics have a greater impact on the patient’s impression of the provider. In the case of the knowledge stage or dimension, students acquire specific knowledge of their own cultures, as well as the cultures and life experiences of their clientele, including community issues concerning specific ethnic groups. What does the term Hispanic Culture refer to? Six junior high schools containing predominantly (95 percent) minority students were assigned to receive either (1) the LST program, (2) the culturally focused prevention approach, or (3) information only. The cultural provocation can be a verbal insult, a gesture, or an act that dishonors the family or community. On appeal the court affirmed, concluding that the exclusion was harmless. Limited research suggests that prejudice against obese individuals might be relatively low in certain ethnic groups (compared to Whites), such as African American women, Mexican children, Asian American women and men, and Japanese children. The trial judge ruled that the evidence was ‘clearly irrelevant’. Like in many other cultures – Christmas is one of the most important religious celebrations among Hispanics. Also seafaring Mayas trading from the Gulf of Mexico, along the coast, down to Honduras, apparently built navigational aids on shore to indicate reef passages (Farris and Miller 1977). Holy Week is celebrated the last week of Lent, as well as the week before Easter. Research asserts, however, that Latino/a’s understanding of norms about gender roles, egalitarianism, and intimate relationships may differ from other ethnic groups (Ulloa, Jaycox, Marshall, & Collins, 2004).

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