1. The powers of the elected representatives are defined by a constitution that establishes the basic laws, principles, and framework of the government. This is being practiced by the US, Great Britain, and India, to name a few. With representative democracy, you can’t possibly make everyone happy. There are several types of democracy. One of which is representative democracy. It's efficient: A single elected official represents the desires of a large number of people. Once the representatives are elected, they will do whatever they please. Unfortunately, many have proven to be corrupt and immoral over the years. In 2018, the US government completely shut down for weeks while the Democratic and Republican parties came to a deal. Trust is required to make this government structure work. Given that the population is really small, that method can work. 2. The problem with this kind of democracy is that it is solely focused on the majority, while the minority groups are left on their own to solve significant issues. Usually, people vote in officials who they think have the training and education needed to understand what their jurisdiction needs. Once an official is elected to represent them, the population must trust that their representative will pursue their needs as efficiently as possible. 7. Pros and Cons of Representative Democracy, Direct Democracy: Definition, Examples, Pros and Cons, What Is Transnationalism? It is a preferred type of government because it gives the citizens a voice in important decisions that could affect them one way or the other. Democracies spend trillions during federal, state, county, and city elections. While it takes that much work to earn votes, it gets easy to throw away promises once seated. Voters would need to research regulatory pros and cons, taxation pros and cons, and every other role that government plays in their lives. Representative democracy is based on the principle that elected officials represent groups of people in government affairs. 9. The elected officials in a representative democracy are supposed to represent the people. Once they win the vote, they can pursue their own agenda and little is in the way to stop them for several years. Opponents of this concept argue that when the election process is over, the citizens’ voice in the government is also done. 1. 1. The officials are not bound by law to vote the way the people who elected them want them to vote. How can they understand the situation when they haven’t experienced something similar themselves? In a true direct democracy, that would even involve military decisions, international treaties, and local law enforcement guidelines. In this manner, representative democracy is the opposite of direct democracy, in which the people themselves vote on every law or policy considered at every level of government. It can be complicated to get anything done when a government becomes too polarized. It is efficient particularly when voting on issues. People cannot vote for certain issues – they trust their representatives to do that for them. Although the structure of a representative democracy is to provide checks and balances, there are times when one party can dominate the government. In 2008, 63% of eligible voters came out to cast a ballot. Instead, he might work towards his vested interest and for his own personal gains. The 22nd Amendment Sets Presidential Term Limits. Instead of focusing on diversity, the focus is on maintaining the status quo. In some cases, wealthy representatives may not be able to serve their jurisdiction well because it is mostly low income. The whole concept of representative democracy depends on the people’s ability to express their wishes to their representatives. In a representative democracy, it is important for all branches of the government to share equal power, but with differing responsibilities. Here are the disadvantages and advantages of a representative democracy as they are practically applied. The disadvantage of a representative democracy is that an official isn’t required to vote based on how their district or population center wishes them to vote. 6. Because politicians must cater to the majority to receive votes, this can led to the tyranny of the majority. It considers the rights of the minority. List of the Advantages of a Representative Democracy 1. The cons of representative democracy include: It's not always reliable: The votes of elected officials in a representative democracy may not always reflect the will of the people. You also need confidence that democratic institutions are strong enough to make them leave. Although meetings can be had with certain groups, there are times when representatives do what they think is best and not what the citizens want. Qualifications to be a US Representative. 1. Meetings with their representatives occur frequently during times of governmental recess. Beyond that, safe elections require billions of dollars more to ensure that there’s no internal or foreign tampering. 3. Representative democracy is a functional alternative to direct democracy. Without frequent and open communication with everyone, this system of government breaks down quickly. 8. It encourages participation: When people are confident that they have a say in their government's decisions, they are more likely to remain aware of issues affecting their country and vote as a way of making their opinions on those issues heard. A government with this structure still relies on what the majority of the people want in most circumstances. It happens a lot in politics: promises are made in order to win the favor of citizens. In addition, this kind of government allows a small number of people to rule efficiently on behalf of a larger population. It provides thorough representation of the general public. Winston Churchill’s British Parliament during WWII is one great example of this happening. Representative democracies are nimble, which allows them to address any issues that arise swiftly. It can come up with a well-balanced decision. 3. As long as communication lines remain open and elected officials act honestly, the people can still have a voice in how their lives will evolve over time. Theoretically, the legislative body should consist of the trustworthy, competent people. To put that cost in perspective, a community food bank could provide over 5 billion meals to the hungry with that level of investment. In creating a functional system called “federalism,” the U.S. Constitution also shares certain political powers with the states. They have to stump, give speeches, and meet with constituents, which all take a certain level of charm. With the introduction of mass news media, people treat politics like sports. Some districts may also have highly varied socioeconomic groups that have conflicting needs. Politicians aren’t inherently dishonest, but the fact that elections are popularity contests tend to make them lie. This type of government has its fair share of proponents and opponents. The government officials can look at the situation, decide on the best course of action, and then take action. At the state government level, the people elect the governor and members of the state legislatures, who rule according to the state constitutions. The voice of the people technically ends with the election. 1. While in office, politicians may act in the service of personal financial gain rather than for the benefit of their constituents (sometimes to the direct detriment of their constituents). In countries with only two major political parties like the United States, this is particularly true. Generally, representatives serve in a chamber, like a parliament, House of Representatives, senate or similar governing body. In the end, this kills diversity in our government, limiting the breadth of ideas. To understand why there is conflicting views on representative democracy, it’s best to look at the pros and cons. Elected representatives may also have the power to select other government leaders, such as a prime minister or president. Using representatives frees the government up to do usual tasks like keep the country safe and provide a social safety net. But in reality, the intention of this form of government is to educate and train representatives to better understand the complexity of their jurisdiction. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'positivenegativeimpact_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_10',113,'0','0'])); 6. It is efficient. Recall petitions and similar rules can be used within a representative democracy to allow a district to remove an elected official who is not meeting their expectations. For some, that means they choose not to participate in the voting process because they automatically receive this representation. If the population feels like their voices aren’t being heard by their elected officials, there is always the option to legally protest. By knowing that they have a voice in the government, people will be more inclined to seek education and be up to date with the issues happening around the country and the rest of the world. If the population is dissatisfied with the performance of their elected official, they can vote to remove that person on the next election cycle. As soon as the official is elected into office, he may not deliver on his promise of a better future for his constituents. It is misplaced trust. The pros of this form of government include: The cons of representative democracy include. Officials running for office need to win the favor of the people in order to get elected. It allows representatives to end up not serving their jurisdiction well. 1. Some will say anything to get elected, only to turn around and ignore promises made once in office. The words “politician” and “liar” have become almost synonymous in many people’s lexicons. They will just need to put their faith and trust on their elected representative. This is especially useful during emergencies. In the U.S., for example, just two Senators represent all of the people in their states. It is more expensive than other forms of government. Afterward, many check out, leaving everything in the hands of politicians. If they end up betraying or being ineffective, it can take years before a new election comes around. This makes it easy to draft and implement policies supported by the majority. Around 60% of nations use this approach of involving people in the law-making process. Districts must be able to trust their elected representatives. Not everyone will be happy after a vote in representative democracy. For the two major political parties in the United States, they spent a combined $1.6 billion on the 2016 Presidential election alone. The Reconstruction Era (1865–1877) What Is … This structure makes it possible for each representative to offer an opinion on laws or policies. Through this, the citizens are able to voice out their wishes and opinions. Even individuals who are not engaged in the political process benefit from this representation. When the majority is not ethically or morally right, the structure of government can put the lives of people who are in the minority at great risk. Disclosure: Positive Negative Impact is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The efficient use of an executive legislative body is the most important advantage that this form of democracy can offer. The electoral college is an example of this in the United States. Despite that, there are many pros and cons to representative democracies: eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'positivenegativeimpact_com-box-3','ezslot_12',106,'0','0'])); 1.) It is found at the federal level of the US government. Practically, this is much more difficult to implement in most democracies.

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