in der 4. The organizers of the protest, the action committee of Soweto Students’ Representative Council (SSRC), made sure that they got as many students to the venue. In addition to students that lost their lives, a number of teachers got injured or died on that fateful day. This is very help full for my project thank you. As the students marched, they chanted things like “Down with Afrikaans”. In the nutshell, the increase in the numbers made the students very opinionated and politically conscious of the ills of their deplorable educational system. The students were unhappy because schools in the townships of Soweto were forced to use the Afrikaans language for teaching certain subjects. Even at that tender age, the children could see the biting effect that apartheid had on their education. 1976 Soweto Uprising – Hector Pieterson’s lifeless body being carried to the hospital. Pictures of blood-stained children made their way into the foreign press. The death of the dogs prompted the police to make a move on the crowd. One thing led to another and the protesters started hurling stones at the police. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In association with several teacher organizations (such as The African Teachers Association – ATASA), the students scheduled a mass rally for June 16. A quick delve into the issue and one cannot stop to reason that the underlying problem was due to decades of systemic neglect by the apartheid government. However, anti-apartheid activists disputed that claim. Der Bantu Education Act erfuhr innerhalb der südafrikanischen Gesellschaft heftige Kritik. The uprising took place in 1976 in Soweto township, adjacent to the city of Johannesburg. Unbeknownst to the Apartheid government, the actions of the security forces that day would cause a huge uproar across the globe. Several shops and vehicles were vandalized. Der neue Amtsträger ignorierte die Appelle und Eingaben von der Basis und führte die Behörde nach harten Maßstäben. Auslöser des Aufstandes war der Erlass Afrikaans Medium Decree aus dem Jahr 1974,[4] wonach Afrikaans, die Sprache der weißen burischen Herrschaftsschicht, als verbindliche Unterrichtssprache eingeführt werden sollte. The call to end apartheid got more and more vocal from then onwards. Several black South Africans, underage children as well, were put detained and their rights abused. What was one of the organizations that led antiapartheid efforts. The ensuing clashes between the police and the young and defenseless children resulted in up to 23 deaths. [5] Die schwarzen Schülerinnen und Schüler, die diese Sprache zum Teil kaum beherrschten, sahen sich dadurch ihrer Chancen im Bildungssystem beraubt. The Boston Massacre: The American Revolution, Julius Caesar: History, Accomplishments and Facts. [6], Im damaligen Transvaal wurde vom Department of Native Affairs (Abteilung für „Eingeborenenangelegenheiten“) dagegen festgelegt, dass in der Sekundarstufe die meisten Fächer in den beiden offiziellen Landessprachen Englisch (Naturwissenschaften, praktische Fächer) und Afrikaans (Mathematik, sozialkundliche Fächer) unterrichtet werden sollten. In South Africa, June 16 is now observed annually as Youth Day, which commemorates the uprising. As students’ numbers increased in black communities, anti-apartheid groups realized that they could mobilize these students and make them crucial voices for change. Klasse vor. Official data from that period showed that the government spent relatively less on black children’s education than it did on white children. Der Sicherheitsrat stellte sich in solidarischer Position zu den Opfern der Unruhen. Er forderte zahlreiche Todesopfer und führte zu lange andauernden, landesweiten Protestaktionen gegen die rassistische Bildungspolitik und das gesamte Apartheidsregime des Landes. Die South African Police schlug die Demonstration mit 48 Polizisten, darunter acht Weißen,[12] blutig nieder. Nach Untersuchungsergebnissen der Cillie Commission (siehe unten) starben bei den Auseinandersetzungen 575 Menschen, darunter 451 durch Polizeigewalt. Unbeknownst to the Apartheid government, the actions of the security forces that day would cause a huge uproar across the globe. The Soweto Uprising, also known as "June 16", was a series of student-led protests in South Africa that began on the morning of June 16, 1976. To commemorate the brave children who stood up to oppressive apartheid government, the 16th of June is set as a public holiday. [10], Ende der 1960er Jahre hatten sich Schüler der höheren Jahrgänge in der Provinz Transvaal im African Students’ Movement zusammengefunden. In an over-the-top response, the police responded with firing live bullets at the protesters. Klasse nicht auf Englisch, sondern in der jeweiligen afrikanischen Muttersprache geschrieben wurden. The black South African students that protested on that day came from a variety of high schools in Soweto. Sitiso Mxolisi Ndlovu, Noor Nieftagodien, Tshepo Moloi: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 3. Klasse von den Muttersprachen (Englisch, Afrikaans) auf dualen Unterricht, in den formell unabhängigen Homelands zwischen der 4. und 5. The Soweto Uprising, the police response, and the protests that followed led to greater international exposure, and censure, for the South African government and its policy of apartheid. Coupled with all the above upheavals, government officials across the country had to contend with continuous riots in their cities. One in five Soweto children were attending secondary school. The Afrikaans Medium Decree of 1974 failed to consult key stakeholders in the black communities before imposing those language restrictions in the classrooms. Im Gegensatz zu den Schulen für weiße Kinder, wo die Unterrichtssprache von Beginn an entweder Englisch oder Afrikaans war, gab es keine Vorgabe zum dualen Sprachunterricht. The government would struggle to keep the social and economic fabric of the country in shape. Selbst als kaum oppositionell einzustufende Organisationen wie der Advisory Board for Bantu Education (Beirat für Bantu-Erziehung) und der Lehrerverband African Teachers’ Association of South Africa versuchten die Bantu-Behörde in Pretoria zu einer Veränderung zu bewegen.[8]. Selbst die Interventionsversuche von den politisch gleichgeschalteten Homelandregierungen wies man rigoros zurück. Hector Pieterson – a 13-year-old schoolboy who was cowardly shot and killed by the police during the uprising – is largely seen as a martyr in South Africa. They would have gone straight into some menial job or joined some wayward gang – gangs that caused havoc in the community. [5] Das SASM hatte Beziehungen zum Black Consciousness Movement und dem im Untergrund tätigen African National Congress, blieb aber unabhängig.[5]. 3907 Menschen wurden verletzt, davon 2389 durch Polizisten. Mit dem Bantu Education Act von 1953 wurde eine minderwertige Bildung für die schwarze Bevölkerung in Südafrika etabliert. About 10-15 times more funds were spent in white schools. They gave credit for such improvements to the Bantu Educational Act of 1953. Die beabsichtigte Bevorzugung jeweiliger Muttersprachen (und damit verbunden die Ausgrenzung durch den eingeschränkten Zugang zu den offiziellen Sprachen des Landes) blieb allerdings bestehen. These dogs did not make it back alive; they were killed by the protesters. Across the world, a wave of political pressure was mounted on apartheid Prime Minister John Vorster. On June 17, a group of 400 white students from the University of the Witwatersrand in an act of defiance took to the streets. However, such claims were completely unfounded. The majority of the teachers – about 90 percent – had no matriculation certificate (the equivalent of a high school certificate). In the international front, the United Nations (UN) quickly passed a resolution chastising the apartheid government of South Africa.

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